By Tom Bottomore
This e-book, half dictionary and half encyclopaedia, has develop into the traditional reference paintings at the options of Marxism and the participants and faculties of idea that experience in this case contributed to the physique of Marxist principles. The dictionary has been fulled revised and up to date, with over fifty new entries on significant texts, on issues that experience develop into proper because the first variation seemed, and in components the place the kingdom of data and realizing has moved considerably. All entries were revised the place wanted, all interpreting lists up to date, and the bibliography has been thoroughly revised and elevated.
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Extra info for A Dictionary of Marxist Thought (2nd Edition)
It originated as a challenge to humanist and Hegelian themes then much current in discussion of Marx and inspired by his early writings, and it proffered a novel conception oi Marxist philosophy. Althusser sought to impugn the pre-eminent status accorded by many to these early writings, arguing that whatever the superficial similarities between them and Marx's mature work, here ALTHUSSER were two radically distinct modes of thought. The problematic of each - that is, the theoretical framework or system determining the significance of each particular concept, the questions nosed, central propositions and omissions - was fundamentally different: in the young Marx, an ideological drama of human alienation and selfrealization, with humanity the author of its unfolding destiny much in the manner of the world spirit according to Hegel; thereafter, however, a science, historical materialism, theory of social formations and their history; and its concepts of structural explanation: the forces and relations of production, determination by the economy, superstructure, state, ideology.
On the other hand, many of the Annates historians were entering into a 'postMarxist' mood. This involved a turning away from or minimizing of economic history and a renewed emphasis on mentalities or representations which linked up with a similar turn to the symbolic sphere among anthropologists and among those interested in political culture. In an empirical sense, while the writings of many Marxists were becoming more 'global', the writings of many of those identified with the socalled 'third generation' of the Annates vtete becoming more 'local'.
This model clearly falls within analytical Marxism, since it uses the modern tools of neo-classical economics to reach its conclusions. At the same time, it contrasts profoundly with Roemer's model: it rejects the Walrasian general equilibrium as a useful characterization of the capitalist economy; it regards the labour market and labour process as essential to Marxist theory; and it views some agents' (labourers') decisions as being coerced, not free. In sum, contemporary work in analytical Marxism has deepened controversies among philosophers and social scientists over what Marxism is and what it claims.