Philosophy

Download A Hundred Years of English Philosophy by Nikolay Milkov (auth.) PDF

By Nikolay Milkov (auth.)

This e-book is a historic research of the prime philosophical circulation in England within the 20th century. In seven chapters, the highbrow improvement of the main favorite representatives of analytic philosophy-Moore, Russell and Wittgenstein in Cambridge, and Ryle, Austin, Strawson and Dummett in Oxford-is traced. The booklet doesn't goal, in spite of the fact that, at supplying a narrative. this suggests, mainly, that generalisations and conclusions are decreased to a minimum-an technique followed in an endeavour to dodge the chance of subjectivism that studying the philosophers less than scrutiny could impose. My wish is that through following this aproach, my inves­ tigation will stimulate readers to make their very own generalisations and conclusions at the foundation of the objectively offered information. in its place, my objective is to articulate a ideal, entire description of the phil­ osophical texts of the seven most vital analytic philosophers in England within the 20th century. For this objective, all their articles and books were sifted via for you to opt for the main consultant elements. For visible purposes, in simple terms the chapters on Russell and Wittgenstein, and-to a lesser extent-the bankruptcy on Moore, are extra theoretical.

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Moore' as follows: 'In "aRb", "R" is not a symbol, but that "R" is between one name and another symbolizes' (Wittgenstein 1979b, p. 109). See ch. 3, § 2, (iii). 47 An understanding recently criticised in Lewis 1991. ch. I,§ 7, (i) MOORE 37 which all its members have. In contrast, a relation is a constituent part of a truth, or of a fact. So the general property of 'whiteness' consists of having membership in the class of all sense-data which are called 'white patches' (p. 327). It is not a property belonging to these very sense-data, situated on the surface of the material object, or on a part of it.

317). This relation is indirect; what is direct is the relation between this black patch, and the space which it occupies. Moore is insistent that membership in a class shouldn't be confused with relation to a class; these are two different things. 47 Membership in a class is a property 44 It is this deflationary theory of truth which was adopted by Ramsey in 'Facts and Propositions' [1927], and later by Strawson in 'Truth' (Strawson 1949). Seep. 34 n. 2. 45 Cf. Heidegger's anti-apophantical theory of truth according to which 'we call True not only a sentence, but also a thing, true gold as different from false gold[, for example]' (Heidegger 1950, p.

Xviii) Apparently, atomism was Moore's main idea. At the same time, however, he preserved the priority of logic of the British idealists. The result of this hybridising was a form of logical atomism. There are many reasons to call the philosophy of the early Moore logical atomism. Indeed, it is rather odd that in the numerous discussions of logical atomism, Moore's name is rarely mentioned. 12 Instead, there has been a tendency to speak of 'his aloofness from logical atomism' (Pears 1956, p. 46).

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