By Neil Faulkner
This magisterial research of human heritage - from "Lucy," the 1st hominid, to the nice Recession of 2008 - combines the insights of past generations of Marxist historians with radical new rules in regards to the old process.
Reading heritage opposed to the grain, Neil Faulkner unearths that what occurred long ago was once now not predetermined. offerings have been widespread and various. assorted results - liberation or barbarism - have been usually attainable. Rejecting the top-down procedure of traditional historical past, Faulkner contends that it's the mass motion of standard people who drives nice events.At the start of the twenty first century - with financial catastrophe, battle, weather disaster and deep classification divisions - people face maybe the best challenge within the lengthy background of our species.
The lesson of A Marxist historical past of the World is that, in view that we created our earlier, we will be able to additionally create a greater destiny.
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Extra resources for A Marxist History of the World: From Neanderthals to Neoliberals
Soon something even more momentous occurred: metalworkers started experimenting with ways of extracting iron from its stubbornly intractable ores. Iron was not new. For centuries, crude implements of wrought iron had occasionally been used. But no technique had been developed for the mass production of quality ironwork at an economical cost. This may have been the achievement of a barbarian tribe living in the Caucasus mountains in remote antiquity. The new technology seems to have spread from there to the Hittite Empire of Anatolia (Turkey).
The architect of the new order was the King of Qin. In the bloody climax of the Warring States period, Qin chariots, crossbowmen, and horse-archers defeated their Zhou rivals one after another. The cost in human life was colossal. After one victory, 100,000 prisoners were beheaded. And after the final victory, 120,000 of the ‘rich and powerful’ were deported. The King of Qin now adopted the title Shi Huangdi – ‘Divine Emperor’. The victory created a centralised empire controlled by a military-bureaucratic elite.
The war was, in effect, the first phase of a protracted counter-revolution by which Greek aristocrats, Macedonian kings, and Roman viceroys destroyed the democratic experiment which had begun with the Athenian Revolution of 510−506 bc. The second phase centred on the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 bc, when the Macedonian army of King Philip II defeated the combined army of the Greek city-states. Thereafter, the Greek city-states came under foreign rule. Formal democracy continued in Athens and some other cities for a while, but real power henceforward lay elsewhere.